China Enhances Lunar Communication Network and Boosts Orbital Capabilities

In a landmark advancement for its lunar exploration efforts, China’s National Space Agency (CNSA) is set to deploy the Queqiao-2 satellite, a crucial communication relay link for moon operations, within the next six months. This sophisticated satellite will be tasked with bridging lunar surface assets with Earth-based control centers, ensuring uninterrupted contact during various phases of the lunar exploration. Preparations are in full swing at the Wenchang Spacecraft Launch Site situated in Hainan province, with pre-launch tests on the agenda.

The Queqiao-2 is designed to bolster the ongoing Chang’e-4 mission and support the forthcoming trio of Chang’e missions – 6, 7, and 8 – which constitute steps toward China’s ambitious vision of a joint lunar research station. Additionally, the country plans to launch the Chang’e-6 mission to retrieve lunar samples by the first half of 2024.

Simultaneously, CNSA celebrates the precision launch of the Geely-02 satellite constellation from the Xichang Satellite Launch Center, marking the largest single Long March rocket payload with eleven satellites now in orbit. Positioned to offer combined services of communication, navigation, and remote sensing, the cluster aims to serve a global clientele.

Further demonstrating the prowess of CNSA, the ocean-based launch of Smart Dragon-3 rocket transporting an ensemble of nine satellites testifies to the strategic flexibility and expanding reach of China in the competitive arena of microsatellite delivery. From the Sea Launch Platform near Yangjiang City, the solid-fuel carrier rocket, developed by the China Academy of Launch Vehicle Technology, executed its third successful mission.

In summary, CNSA’s robust satellite launches, including the significant lunar communication satellite Queqiao-2, demonstrate China’s strategic advancements in space capabilities and reinforce its position as a formidable player in both lunar exploration and global satellite deployment.

FAQ Section on China’s National Space Agency’s Recent Advances

1. What is the Queqiao-2 satellite, and what is its purpose?
The Queqiao-2 is a communication relay satellite developed by China’s National Space Agency (CNSA) to facilitate uninterrupted communication between lunar surface assets and Earth-based control centers. Its role is to serve as a crucial communication link for ongoing and future lunar missions.

2. How does Queqiao-2 contribute to the Chang’e-4 mission and future Chang’e missions?
Queqiao-2 is designed to augment the capabilities of the Chang’e-4 mission and provide critical support for the next three Chang’e missions (Chang’e-6, Chang’e-7, and Chang’e-8). These missions are part of China’s lunar exploration program, culminating in a joint lunar research station.

3. When is the Queqiao-2 satellite scheduled to be launched?
The deployment of the Queqiao-2 satellite is planned within the next six months. Specific launch dates may be subject to change based on testing and preparation at the launch site.

4. Where will Queqiao-2 be launched from, and what are the current preparations?
The Queqiao-2 satellite will be launched from the Wenchang Spacecraft Launch Site in Hainan province, China. Current preparations include pre-launch testing to ensure mission readiness.

5. What is the significance of the Geely-02 satellite constellation?
The Geely-02 satellite constellation was a landmark launch, marking the largest single payload delivered by a Long March rocket. It consists of eleven satellites that provide communication, navigation, and remote sensing services to a global audience.

6. What does the Smart Dragon-3 sea launch indicate about CNSA’s capabilities?
The successful ocean-based launch of the Smart Dragon-3 rocket, carrying nine satellites, showcases CNSA’s strategic flexibility and competitive edge in the market for microsatellite delivery.


Lunar Surface Assets: Equipment and instruments placed on the Moon’s surface for exploration and research.
Control Centers: Facilities on Earth that manage space missions, including communication and data analysis.
Communication Relay Satellite: A satellite that transmits communication signals between Earth and other spacecraft or lunar assets.
Long March Rocket: A family of expendable launch systems operated by China.
Microsatellite: A small satellite, typically weighing between 10 to 100 kilograms.
Sea Launch Platform: A maritime vessel or structure used to launch rockets from the ocean.

Related Links

Here are some suggested links to related main domains that might interest you:

China National Space Administration
China Academy of Launch Vehicle Technology